This is an attempt to provide an overview of who in Ukraine politics has what role. Maybe it helps to understand a bit more about MH17.
The overview is far from complete. Please use the comments to add information.
Reforms are required to change Ukraine to the better. Reforms are required for IMF to loan more money. There are stong ties between president and prime minister and very rich businessmen.
And these businessmen and politicians are also linked to prosecutor and Ukraine Secret Service.
RT reports that IMF stopped loaning money.
Coalition between Maidan and April 2016
Ukraine government at the start after Maidan had 5 parties. The first session of the new parliament was on November 28, 2014. A powerful coalition of five parties, 4 of which were virtually founded on Maidan, has gained a constitutional majority in parliament for the first time in its history since independence.
There are other firsts too. The Communist Party of Ukraine, for one, will not have a single representative in parliament. There is also no openly pro-Russian lobby.
Fast forward to 2016; The Radical Party of Serhiy Lyashko has already left the five-party coalition. On February 17, Yulia Tymoshenko’s Fatherland Party departed, and Self-Reliance is about to leave. These departures will leave the coalition with only 136 deputies from the Poroshenko Bloc and eighty-one from Yatsenyuk’s Popular Front
Following the Verkhovna Rada’s failure to send the Yatsenyuk government to resignation on February 16, another faction, Batkivshchina, and a number of lawmakers with the pro-presidential Petro Poroshenko Bloc and Samopomoshch also withdrew from the coalition stripping it of the majority of 226 votes needed to pass decisions.
Coalition starting April 14, 2016
Volodymyr Groysman is the new prime minister.
Not in the new government are U.S-born Finance Minister Natalia Yaresko, praised by Washington for her handling of Ukraine’s debt crisis, and former economy minister Aivaras Abromavicius, who spearheaded a drive to privatize graft-ridden state firms, but resigned in protest over corruption in February
The Petro Poroshenko Bloc, which has formed the most numerous faction in the parliament (148 out of 422 parliamentary seats), is clearly
influenced by two oligarchic groups: the group of Dmytro Firtash, who has links with UDAR, and the group of Ihor Kolomoyskyi, who was able to place his people on the list of candidates of this presidential bloc20. However, Kolomoyskyi clearly has the strongest influence on the People’s Front led by Prime Minister Arseniy Yatsenyuk (81 deputies). Several businessmen and volunteer battalion commanders linked to Kolomoyskyi were placed as candidates on this party’s lists.
People’s Will is a political party in Rada with a group of nineteen independent deputies . The party was established by Ihor Yeremeyev, a second-league oligarch from the oil sector.
Another group of independent deputies, Economic Development (19 seats) formed by Vitalyi Khomutynnik, is in turn within the orbit of Kolomoyskyi’s influence.
Apparently, Self-Reliance (32 seats) is the party least influenced by the oligarchs, even though it was clearly backed by the Kolomoyskyi’s TV station 1+1 during the election campaign.
The info above was taken from a good overview of oligarch’s influence on political parties. The document is titled ‘Oligarchs After The Maidan: The Old System In A ‘New’ Ukraine’ written by Wojciech Konończuk.
President Petro Oleksiyovych Poroshenko
President of Ukraine. Supposed to reform and get rid of corruption and dode-oligarchisation (remove power of oligarchs) . Criticized for slow reforms and not able to stop corruption and the influece of oligrachs to politics. Not good friend with oligarch Kolomoisky.
A quote from this article at The Russophile.org
Everything began with the growing popularity of Kolomoisky as governor of Dnipropetrovsk oblast. The rise in the “good oligarch’s” public opinion ratings was so quick and precipitous that Poroshenko perceived it as a threat. The president retaliated by aiming to deprive Kolomoisky of control over Ukrtransnafta, a lucrative state-owned company dealing with oil transportation. Kolomoisky reacted by sending in groups of armed men to “protect” the headquarters of Ukrtransnafta.
Prime Minister Yatsenyuk
Member of Popular Front party.
At February 16 a motion of distrust was prepared against Prime Minister Yatsenyuk.
Everybody expected Yatsenyuk would resign. However when the Rada voted, 43 members of the Opposition Bloc walked out of the Rada and did not vote. As a result Yatsenyuk could remain in power. The next opportunity to file a motion of distrust in only in September.
The deputy speaker of the Ukrainian Verkhovna Rada. Played a major role in EuroMaidan Revolution . Has relations with far right
Chairman of the Verkhovna Rada.Has a good relation with Poroshenko. Petro Poroshenko Bloc plans to hold a congress which is expected to support the candidature of Verkhovna Rada speaker Vladimir Groisman as Ukraine’s next prime minister. Groysman is not a reformer and will do nothing against corruption. He was mayor of Vinnytsia city
Valentyn Oleksandrovych Nalyvaichenko
On 24 February 2014, the Verkhovna Rada (Ukrainian parliament) appointed Nalyvaichenko the Head of the Security Service of Ukraine (SBU), on 18 June 2015 he was relieved of the office.
Rumoured to be involved in selling stolen Dutch ancient paintings.
Became the 12th Chairman of the Verkhovna Rada. Is a former neo-nazi. In 1991 he founded the Social-National Party of Ukraine together with Oleh Tyahnybokm, the party combined radical nationalism and some neo-Nazi features (by its name and the “Wolfsangel”-like sign). In 1998–2004 Parubiy led the paramilitary organization of SNPU, the Patriot of Ukraine. Parubiy left these organizations in 2004. (source)
A major role in Ukraine economics and politics are oligarchs. Forbes Ukraine made an overview of the amount of money oligarchs have.
Gennadiy Bogolyubov $1,3B
Rinat Leonidovych Akhmetov is a Ukrainian businessman and oligarch. He is the founder and President of System Capital Management, and is ranked among the wealthiest men in Ukraine. He is rumoured to have friendly relations with Yetsenyuk.
He is also rumoured to have arranged that the voting for mistrust for PM Yatsenyuk failed at February 16.
Ihor Valeriyovych Kolomoyskyi is a Ukrainian-Cypriot-Israeli business oligarch of Jewish descent and the former Governor of Dnipropetrovsk. Kolomoisky affiliated ‘Renaissance Party’ did not vote for Yatsenyuk’s resignation at February 16, 2015. PrivatBank is owned by Kolomoisky’s and is the biggest bank in Ukraine.
Kolomoisky heads one of Ukraine’s largest business groups, known as Privat.
“With the regular Ukrainian army reluctant to shoot its own population, Kolomoisky’s units have participated in various military attacks on the east, including the May 9 assault on Mariupol, where several civilians were killed. Russian sources connect him to the massacre in Odessa. Members of the new governor of Odessa, appointed after the massacre, are his close associates.
Privatbank is owned by the Privat industrial group controlled by tycoon Kolomoyskyi and his partner, Henadiy Boholyubov. Privatbank is the largest bank in Ukraine. Privat Group controls scores of companies in almost every industry in Ukraine, European Union, Georgia, Ghana, Russia, Romania, United States and other countries. The major focus and expertise of the group are the steel, oil and gas, chemical and energy sectors.Boholyubov also has interests outside of Privat including a stake in Australian manganese miner Consolidated Minerals
businessman and philanthropist. As of January 2016, Forbes ranked him as 1250th on the list of wealthiest people in the world, with a fortune of $1.44 billion. His father-in-law is former Ukrainian president Leonid Kuchma, the onetime patron of Victor Yanukovych, the Moscow-backed president who just fled his own country and reportedly spirited off billions of dollars.
Pinchuk is friends with former US President Bill Clinton, whose 60th birthday Pinchuk attended in New York
Ihor Palytsia is a Ukrainian businessmen, independent politician. From May 2014 till May 2015 he worked as Governor of Odessa Oblast. Palytsia was replaced by eplaced by former Georgian president Mikheil Saakashvili. Ally of Kolomoyskyi
Ukraine International Airlines main shareholder and Israeli citizen . Ukraine International Airlines operated a joint ground handling operation with Swissport Ukraine. He is the founder of AeroSvit which was acquired by Kolomoisky. Ukraine International more or less stole Swissport Ukraine. (source)
Firtash is co-owner of RosUkrEnergo and controls much of Ukraine’s titanium business. He gained control of previously state-owned titanium assets across Ukraine in 2004. He also owns several chemical plants. Has a good relationship with former president Viktor Yanukovych. According to media reports, in 2010, Mr. Firtash was involved in financing of Viktor Yanukovych’s presidential campaign. According Reuters he became rich by buying Russian gas and selling it for a much higher price.
Hennadiy Korban, the former deputy governor of Dnipropetrovsk oblast.
Seen as enemy to Poroshenko. Hennadiy Korban was deputy governor of Dnipropetrovsk Oblast from 2 March 2014 till 24 March 2015. He was appointed and resigned the same dates as former Governor of Dnipropetrovsk Oblast Ihor Kolomoyskyi.
Korban took part in the 26 July 2015 parliamentary by-election in constituency 205 located in Chernihiv for the party UKROP. He lost these elections to Serhiy Berezenko of Petro Poroshenko Bloc (who won with 35.90% of the vote). Korban took second place with 14.76%.During the run-up to these elections Korban and Berezenko were repeatedly accused of bribing voters, the use of black PR and other violations (of the electoral legislation). Prosecutor General’s Office accuses him of stealing large sums of money from the Foundation for Army Support, kidnapping people and threatening his opponents
Interior Minister Arsen Avakov
Threw a glass of water during a meeting with Saakashvili. Avakov told media at February 14 2016 I could destroy foreign support for Kiev with media bombshell
minister of Finance Oleksandr Danylyuk
Only minister for a few days when a journalist found out he had offshore companies in Cyprus. (source)
Former Minister of Finance Natalie Jaresko
An American-born Ukrainian investment banker who has served as Ukraine’s Minister of Finance since 2014. Said to be a candidate to replace prime minister Yatsenyuk. Some info by Forbes.
Sputnik has a story on Jareako.
Agricultural Minister Oleksiy Pavlenko
seen as a reformer, someone who wants to end corruption. The United States is happy with his performance.
Infrastructure Minister Andriy Pivovarsky
seen as a reformer, someone who wants to end corruption. The United States is happy with his performance
Foreign Affairs Minister Klimkin
postition not clear for me
Finance minister Natalie Jaresko
An American-born Ukrainian investment banker who has served as Ukraine’s Minister of Finance since 2014.
Seen by some as the new prime minister. She is a reformer. Was before she was minister involved with USAID program worth 150 million US Dollar namely the Western NIS Enterprise Fund (WNISEF)
Mikheil Saakashvili current Governor of Ukraine’s Odessa Oblast region. He is the former president of Georgia. In his role as president of Goergia he was supported by the United States.
The president, Petro Poroshenko, appointed Saakashvili to run Odessa in May. Some saw it as a masterstroke, believing an outsider might have success at breaking the corruption which has strangled the port city, while others said appointing the controversial politician was a recipe for disaster. Saakashvili is against the influence of oligarchs.
Anti corruption fighters
Daria Kaleniuk, the executive director of the Anti-Corruption Action Center
Member of Parliament for party Petro Poroshenko Bloc. Seen as reformer
Member of Parliament for the party Petro Poroshenko Bloc.Also former journalist and seen as a reformer.
Other members of parliament seen as reformers:
Hanna Hopko, Svitlana Zalishchuk, Nataliya Katser-Buchkovska, Alex Ryabchyn, Victoria Voytsitska, Oksana Syroid, Olga Bielkova, Lena Sotnyk
At February 16 2015 General Prosecutor Victor Shokin stated he would quit. Shokin submitted his resignation after the country’ President Petro Poroshenko publicly asked him to step down.He seems to have gone on holiday as is a common Ukrainian habit. (Ukraine’s outdated labor laws prevent public officials on sick leave from being fired.)
In November 2015 there was an assassination attempt when someone shot at him.Shokin is said to be an ally of Poroshenko. Shokin is criticized for not fighting corruption.
In March the prosector office stated it wanted to investigate the Anti Corruption Bureau.
At February 15 2015 Vitaly Kasko, a deputy general prosecutor resigned, saying he was fed up with endemic corruption in the country’s judiciary. Kasko accused Viktor Shoikon, the Poroshenko-appointed general prosecutor, of derailing anti-graft cases and sidelining investigations into the 2014 shootings on Kiev’s Independence Square.
Candidates for the role as Prosecutor General are Stolyarchuk or (Yury) Sevruk. Both are seen as Shokin’s “tentacles,” and replacing Shokin with either of them “would not change anything.”
Hours after reformist PG deputy Sakvarelidze is fired, his deputy Oleksandr Modzhebadze (Alexander Modebadze) is detained in Odessa, accused of ‘taking bribes’
Mikheil Saakashvili reacted the fact that Davit Sakvarelidze was fired
New York Times has a good overview of the situation at the prosecutor office.
Serhiy Lyovochkin, member of parliament
Sergei Kurchenko acquired UMG group media. Kurchenko’s connections at the state companies and the Prosecutor General’s Office. Kurchenko is linked to powerful people in (former) President Viktor Yanukovych’s home region of Donbass and then to Yanukovych’s family
Dmytro Firtash is co-owner of RosUkrEnergo and controls much of Ukraine’s titanium business
Igor Kononenko, President Poroshenko’s key business partner and a Ukrainian deputy.Valentyn Nalyvaichenko, the recently fired head of the Ukrainian intelligence service (SBU) mentioned in a interview that a leading figure of the Petro Poroshenko Bloc channels half a million USD to offshore accounts every week. He meant Kononenko. Kononenko is suspected to block all reforms.
Oleg Gladkovs’kij is a business partner of president Poroshenko. He owns a lot of companies like car dealer Group «Bogdan»
Borys Yevhenovych Lozhkin is the head of the Presidential Administration of Ukraine,the Chairman of the Board and President of UMH group, a multimillionaire, and a media manager.
NRC about Groysman http://webcache.googleusercontent.com/search?q=cache:Q3EX13PBPFgJ:www.nrc.nl/nieuws/2016/03/24/overeenstemming-over-nieuwe-premier-oekraine-1604480+&cd=1&hl=en&ct=clnk&gl=nl
Interview with Groysman by Dutch newspaper NRC