Russian Ministry of Defense in 2014 presented a satellite photo which showed two Ukriane BUKs in a field near the village of Zaroshensk’ye (Zaroshchenske).
There are various indications this picture must be fake:
- nobody living in the area saw a BUK at July 17. Several reporters went to the area. See this post
- Bellingcat came to the conclusion the area was not under control of Ukraine armed forces.
- Secret service of Ukraine at July 30 already stated the photo was faked.
- Bellingcat did error level analysis on the photo. Bellingcat concluded the photo was faked. This conclusion however has to be taken with a grain of salt. On his Hacker Factor Blog the inventor of error level analysis N. Krawetz criticized both Bellingcat’s use of error level analysis as “misinterpreting the results” but also on several points J. Kriese’s “ignorance” regarding error level analysis.
Also Metabunk.org clearly shows that the Russian satellite photo of the BUK army depot north of Donetsk is clearly not taken at 14 July as the Russian MoD claims.
Dutch satellite expert Marco Langbroek also stated the photo is fake. He is a tracker of satellites and is able to determine the exact location of a satellite at any time.
Langbroek has a website on satellites and was invited as an expert by the Dutch Parliament for a public hearing on MH17.
Langbroek states that the Russian satellite Resurs-P1 who made the picture was at 08:32:46 UT at an angle of 57.5 degrees related to Zaroshchenske.
There were no other Russian satellites with a view on Ukraine at that time.
Langbroek wrote on January 30 a detailled blog about his findings.
However the satellite photo provided by Russia shows as if the satellite as overhead Zaroshchenske. (90 degrees angle).
A real photo would show the BUKs in the field partly from the side. This is clearly not the case.
The satellite track shown below was provided by Marco Langbroek.