DSB states in their final report that a 9N314M warhead can be fitted to a 9M38 missile and on a 9M38M1 missile.
However, Almaz Antey states the 9N314M missile can only be fitted on a 9M38M1 missile.
So who is right?
Dutch Safety Board did not have any knowledge on the BUK missile. The board member Van Asselt told at a public presentation at November 2 2015 that Almaz Antey had told DSB only the 9N314M warhead has bow-tie shaped fragments.
So if DSB did not have knowledge that 9N314M can be fitted to both 9M38 and 9M38M1 warhead, who did?
The answer is in the final report document at page 132. It clearly states that the Kyiv Research Institute for Forsensic Expertise advised DSB that the 9N314M warhead can be fitted to both 9M38 and 9M38M1 warhead!
The head of the Kyiv Research Institute for Forensic Research is Mister Ruvin. Ruvin had two murder attempts on this life. He is also accused of corruption and manipulation if several investigations. A lot of information on Ruvin in this blogpost.
The 9N314M warhead is the only warhead that has bow-ties or butterlfy or i-beam shaped fragments.
Below a screenshot of the Consultation A document published by DSB. The left column is the remark of Almaz Antey. The right is the response of DSB.
The shape of the 9N314M warhead is completely the same as the 9N314 warhead. So people without inside knowledge are not able to judge by photos what kind of warhead is installed on either a 9M38 or 9M38M1 missile.
For some reason DSB took the word of Kiev and not the word of the manufacturer of the BUK Almaz Antey.
Maybe Ukraine has a made a modified 9N314M warhead which can be installed on a 9M38 missile. Ukraine does have industries which have knowledge of BUK sytems.
The table below is taken from the DSB final report. It states that 9N314M warhead can be fitted on both 9M38 and 9M38M1 warhead.