The Council of Europe, which has 47 member states and aims to uphold human rights, democracy and the rule of law in Europe, will start an investigation into MH17 soon.
The investigation is a result of a resolution filed in June 2019 titled ‘Ensuring accountability for the downing of flight MH 17‘ One of the main objectives of the investigation by the Council of Europe is to report if members of the states cooperate according United Nations Resolution 2166.
The resolution filed during the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe says
It is of utmost importance that justice be done and that all member States fully co-operate with the efforts in this respect by those States that have jurisdiction. Under Article 2 of the European Convention on Human Rights, all States Parties have the duty to carry out effective investigations to identify and punish those responsible for the loss of life that occurred under their jurisdiction. Suspects for serious crimes should be either extradited on the request of the State undertaking the investigation and prosecution or prosecuted in their home State, if this State does not extradite its own nationals.
The Parliamentary Assembly should therefore inquire about the extent to which countries have carried out investigations required under the European Convention on Human Rights and co-operated with one another as instructed by the United Stations Security Council and to make appropriate recommendations.
The Dutch Safety Board concluded in its final report the Russian Federation did not hand over the requested primary radar images. The Joint Investigation Team stated that Russian Federation did not respond to multiple request for legal assistance by JIT. In June 2019 the Dutch government informed the United Nations about the non-cooperation by the Russian Federation.
Early September 2019 Ukraine released a man called Volodymyr Tsemakh which was a suspect in the downing of MH17 from jail and included him in a prison swap with Russia. Tsemakh flew to Russia and likely will never be arrested and extradicted to the Netherlands.
At October 1 three family member of victims spoke to 100 parliamentarians at the Council of Europe.
Dutch politician Pieter Omtzigt, member of the Dutch Tweede Kamer, did a speech for the Parliamentary Assembly. He asked if the next of kin could meet the Committee of Ministers (20 Foreign Ministers) in the near future. The ministers of Foreign Affairs of Ukraine, Russian Federation are member of this Committee. The French Deputy Minister for European Affairs Amélie de Montchalin promised that.
This is the first chance of the next of kin to directly talk to Russian representatives.